Slave Codes of South Carolina continued...
Slave codes of South Carolina, contemporaneously with these prohibitory acts of Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, the first extant slave codes of South Carolina was enacted, June 1712, the basis of the existing slave code of South Carolina. "Whereas," says the preamble of this remarkable statute, "the plantations and estates of this province can not be well and sufficiently managed and brought into use without the labor and service of negro and other slaves; and forasmuch as the said negroes and other slaves brought unto the people of this province for that purpose are of barbarous, wild, savage natures, and such as renders them wholly unqualified to be governed by the laws, customs, and practices of this province; but that it is absolutely necessary that such other constitutions, laws, and orders should in this province be made and enacted for the good regulation and ordering of them as may restrain the disorders, rapine, and inhumanity to which they are naturally prone and inclined, and may also tend to the safety and security of the people of this province and their estates,"
Slave Invoice (South Carolina)
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it is therefore enacted the "all negroes, mulattoes, mestizoes, or Indians, which at any time heretofore have been sold, and now are held or taken to be, or hereafter shall be bought or sold for slaves, are hereby declared slaves; and they and their children are hereby made and declared slaves to all intents and purposes, excepting all such negroes, mulattoes, mestizoes, and Indians which heretofore have been or hereafter shall be, for some particular merit, made and declared free, either by the governor and council of this province, pursuant to any act of this province, or by their respective masters and owners, and also excepting all such as can prove that they ought not to be sold for slaves."
Slave Sale, Charleston, South Carolina, 1856
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Every person finding a slave abroad without a pass was to arrest him if possible, and punish the slave on the spot by "moderate chastisement," under a penalty of twenty shillings for neglecting it.
Slave codes of South Carolina also stated that he who entices a slave, "by specious pretense of promising freedom in another country," or otherwise, to leave the province, if successful, or if caught in the act, was to suffer death; and the same extreme penalty was to be inflicted on slaves "running away with intent to get out of the province."
No person may neglect to baptize their negroes or slaves for fear that thereby they should be manumitted and set free